|Jian: pouring water, pouring water; 瓴: bottle of water. Pour the water in the bottle from the top of the high floor. The metaphor is high and unstoppable.|
|Western Han Sima Qian's "Historical Records of the High Ancestors": "The terrain is convenient, and its soldiers are below the princes.|
|Idiom phonetic||ㄍ ㄠ ㄨ ㄐ ㄧ ㄢ ˋ ㄌ ㄧ ㄥ ˊ|
|Common degree||Common idioms|
|Partial formal; predicate, attributive; metaphor predominates|
|Idiom structure||Austerity idiom|
|Year of generation||Ancient idiom|
|Idiom example||The pride and revolutionary spirit of the revolution made his historical drama magnificent, with a high degree of vigor, a high-rise building , and a magnificent spirit. (Postscript of the Complete Works of Guo Moruo's Drama)|
|English translation||operate from a strategically advantageous position as pouring water off a steep roof|
|Russian translation||могучий размáх|
| When the Chu and Han clashed, Han Wang's general, Han Xindong, went to the west to discuss it, and he made great contributions. He is proud and proud, and a little bit floating. After calming down, he wrote to Liu Bang asking him to be named a "fake (agent) Qi king". After learning about it, Liu Bang was so angry that scolding Han Xin was a daydream! After reading the letter, his subordinate Zhang Liang persuaded: "At present, our side is not good, Chu Jun is still strong, and Han Xin holds a large part of the military power. The king is better to push the boat down and agree with his request." Liu Bang understood and sent Zhang Liang As a special envoy, he brought Wang Yin to seal Han Xin as King Qi. Han Xin was very happy and promised to send troops quickly to attack Chu Bawang. |
The Han army set up an ambush under His Majesty, Han Xin served as commander of the three armed forces, and asked Liu Bang to hold the camp. Han Xin was brave and scheming, Chu Bawang was defeated, and he pulled himself out. Fearing that Han Xin had a high weight, Liu Bang accepted his military power, seized Qi, and renamed him King Chu.
In 202 BC, Liu Bang became emperor, Han Gaozu. Soon, someone reported that Han Xin hid Xiang Yu's general Zhong Limei at home, and it seemed to be trying to rebel. The story came to Han Xin, and some people advised: "Why didn't the king kill Zhong Limei and show his mind to make the emperor happy?" Han Xin said: "Zhong Limei has always been in love with me. When I was in Chuying, the overlord once wanted to kill I, thanks to Zhong Limei who saved me. Now that he is desperate, how can I bear to kill him? "Despite saying so, Han Xin finally talked to Zhong Limei face to face. Zhong Limei saw through his mind and scolded him for being ruthless and selfless.
Later, Han Xin presented Zhong Limei's head to Liu Bang. Liu Bang still suspected that Han Xin was not sincere and ordered the warrior to tie him up. Doctor Tian Ken knew Liu Bang and said, "There are a few things worth congratulating Your Majesty. One is Han Xin's arrest and the other is His Majesty's tight control of Sanqin (Guanzhong). His Majesty's use of this dangerous situation To control and control the princes is like pouring water from a bottle from a high roof. "Tian Ken also said," It is very important to have more than two thousand miles and more than seventy cities. To control here, It can be ten. In such an important place, non-parents and children cannot be named King of Qi. "
Liu Bang heard Tian Ken's intention of begging Han Xin. Because the three Qin dynasties, evenly, are mainly due to Han Xin's credit. Therefore, Liu Bang pardoned Han Xin, but only reduced him to Huaiyin Hou.